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JEE Main Exam Pattern

Understanding the JEE Main exam pattern is crucial for candidates preparing for the IIT JEE exam. By closely examining and adhering to the JEE Main exam pattern, candidates can develop a successful study plan and improve their performance in the entrance exam.

Since 2019, the National Testing Agency (NTA) has been responsible for designing and developing the JEE Main syllabus and determining the exam pattern. While there were some changes to the exam pattern in 2019, the NTA has largely maintained consistency for the 2024 exam. However, there are some expected changes for 2024:

The exam will be conducted in two sessions instead of four, with the first session in January and the second in April.

Negative marking will be introduced for both Section A and Section B.

Candidates can find all the essential information about the exam, including the mode of the JEE Main 2024, question types, sections, marking scheme, and duration, on this page. Let’s delve into the details below.

JEE Main Pattern for Paper-1 (BTech)

Exam modeOnline (Computer based)
Number of sections and subjects3 (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics)
Duration of exam3 hours (180 minutes) 4 hours for PwD candidates
Type of questions– Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs): 4 options with only 1 correct option <br> – Numerical Value Questions: Questions whose answers are to be filled in as a numerical value
Section A (MCQ)Mathematics: 20 Physics: 20 Chemistry: 20
Section B (Numerical Value)Mathematics: 10 Physics: 10 Chemistry: 10 (Candidates have to attempt any five questions out of 10.)
Number of questions in JEE Mains90
Total Marks300 marks
Language of paperAssamese, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu (In addition to Hindi, English, and Gujarati)

This table provides a detailed overview of the key components of the JEE Main Pattern for Paper-1 (BTech), including the exam mode, duration, types of questions, sections, and total marks.

JEE Main 2024 Exam Pattern for BArch and B Plan (Paper 2)

BArch Exam PatternBPlanning Exam Pattern
Exam Mode: Online (Mathematics and Aptitude) and offline (Drawing test)Exam Mode: Online
Sections and Subjects: Three (Drawing, Mathematics, and Aptitude)Sections and Subjects: Three (Mathematics, Aptitude, and Planning Based Questions)
Duration of Exam: 3 hours (180 minutes)Duration of Exam: 3 hours (180 minutes)
Sections: Mathematics (Part I), Aptitude Test (Part II), Drawing Test (Part III)Sections: Mathematics, Aptitude, Planning Based Questions
Number of Questions: Total of 82Number of Questions: Total of 105
Type of Questions: Mathematics and Aptitude: Objective-type questions, Drawing: Questions to test the candidate’s drawing and sketching skillsType of Questions: Mathematics and Aptitude: Objective-type questions, Planning-Based Questions: Multiple-Choice Questions
Total Marks: 400 marks (Drawing section will be of a total of 100 marks, marking of every question will be given along with it)Total Marks: 400
Language of Paper: Assamese, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu in addition to Hindi, English, and GujaratiLanguage of Paper: Assamese, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu in addition to Hindi, English, and Gujarati

JEE Main 2024 Marking Scheme for BE/BTech & BArch/BPlan

Here’s the marking scheme for JEE Main 2024 for BE/BTech and BArch/BPlan papers arranged in a column format:

For BE/BTech (Paper 1)For BArch (Paper 2A)For BPlan (Paper 2B)
Subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and MathematicsSubjects: Mathematics, Aptitude, and DrawingSubjects: Mathematics, Aptitude, and Planning Based Questions
Total Marks: 300Total Marks: Mathematics (300), Aptitude (200), Drawing (100)Total Marks: 400
– Each correct answer: +4 marks– Mathematics and Aptitude: Each correct answer: +4 marks– Mathematics and Aptitude: Each correct answer: +4 marks
– Each incorrect answer: -1 mark (negative marking)– Each incorrect answer: -1 mark (negative marking)– Each incorrect answer: -1 mark (negative marking)
– Unattempted questions: No marks deducted– Unattempted questions: No marks deducted– Unattempted questions: No marks deducted
– Numerical value-based questions: No negative marking– Drawing questions are subjective and evaluated based on the quality of the drawings/sketches.– Planning Based Questions: Each correct answer: +4 marks

Important Guidelines for JEE Main Exam Day

Admit Card: Ensure you have a printed copy of your JEE Main Admit Card with a recent passport-sized photograph affixed.

Valid ID: Carry a valid government-issued photo ID (such as Aadhar card, passport, driving license) for identity verification.

Reporting Time: Reach the exam center well before the reporting time mentioned in your admit card to complete security checks and biometric registration.
COVID-19 Precautions: Follow all COVID-19 safety protocols as per the guidelines provided by the exam authorities, including wearing a mask, carrying hand sanitizer, and maintaining social distancing.

Required Items: Bring necessary items like pens, pencils, erasers, geometry box, etc. Avoid bringing electronic gadgets, calculators, study materials, or any prohibited items.

Dress Code: Dress comfortably in light-colored clothes. Avoid wearing clothes with large buttons, badges, or any metallic items.

Instructions: Listen carefully to the instructions provided by the invigilators and follow the exam rules and regulations strictly.

Seating Arrangement: Sit at the designated seat allocated to you and avoid any kind of communication or disturbance during the exam.

Exam Duration: Manage your time effectively as per the duration specified for each paper. Pace yourself and attempt all questions within the allotted time.

Rough Work: Utilize the rough sheets provided for rough work. Ensure that all rough work is done in the space provided and not on the question paper or answer booklet.

Submission: Submit your answer sheet and rough sheets to the invigilator before leaving the examination hall. Ensure that all required details are filled correctly.

Stay Calm: Remain calm and focused throughout the exam. Don’t panic if you encounter difficult questions. Stay positive and do your best.

Essential Subjects for JEE Main 2024: Focus Areas and Topics

As aspiring engineers gear up for the JEE Main 2024 examination, the journey towards success begins with meticulous planning and focused preparation. Understanding the significance of each topic is pivotal in crafting a winning strategy. Let’s delve into the essential chapters across Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry that form the backbone of this prestigious examination.

Mathematics: Mastering the Fundamentals

Inverse Trigonometric Functions:Unravel the complexities of trigonometry by mastering inverse functions, a cornerstone of calculus and analytical geometry.
Circles and Family of Circles:Explore the geometric elegance of circles and their broader family, honing your skills in coordinate geometry.
Sequence and Series:Dive into the world of sequences and series, understanding their patterns and applications in various mathematical scenarios.
Probability:Grasp the concepts of probability, an indispensable tool in decision-making and statistical analysis.
Vectors:Embark on a journey through vector spaces, learning to represent and manipulate quantities with magnitude and direction.
Quadratic equations and expressions, Complex numbers:Navigate through the realm of complex numbers and quadratic equations, essential in mathematical modeling and problem-solving.
Matrices:Unlock the power of matrices, indispensable in various fields including computer graphics, quantum mechanics, and operations research.
Parabola:Delve into the intricacies of conic sections, with a special focus on the captivating properties of the parabola.
Hyperbola in coordinate geometry:Explore the hyperbola and its significance in analytical geometry, paving the way for a deeper understanding of curves in the coordinate plane.

Physics: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Universe

Current Electricity & Heat Transfer:Illuminate your understanding of electrical circuits and thermal phenomena, fundamental to modern technology and engineering applications.
Dimensional Analysis:Master the art of dimensional analysis, a powerful technique for deriving relationships between physical quantities.
Gravitation & Electro-statistics:Explore the forces that govern the universe, from the celestial dance of planets to the intricate interplay of charged particles.
Geometrical Optics:Journey through the world of optics, unraveling the behavior of light rays and their reflection and refraction.
Waves & Sounds:Dive into the realm of waves, from the gentle lapping of ocean tides to the harmonic resonance of musical notes.
Thermodynamics:Grasp the laws governing energy and entropy, essential for understanding the behavior of gases, liquids, and solids.
Kinetic Theory of Gases and Rotational Dynamics:Explore the microscopic world of gas molecules and the rotational motion of rigid bodies, bridging the gap between macroscopic observations and microscopic phenomena.
Electromagnetic Induction:Witness the fascinating interplay between electricity and magnetism, laying the foundation for modern technologies such as generators and transformers.

Chemistry: Decoding the Language of Matter

Physical Chemistry:Embark on a journey through the fundamental principles of physical chemistry, from the concept of mole to the equilibrium of chemical reactions.
Redox reactions:Explore the intricate dance of electrons in chemical reactions, from the rusting of iron to the combustion of fuels.
Electrochemistry:Delve into the world of electrochemical cells and electrolysis, uncovering the principles that underpin batteries and corrosion processes.
Thermodynamics:Grasp the laws governing energy and entropy, essential for understanding the behavior of gases, liquids, and solids.
Chemical Equilibrium:Explore the delicate balance of chemical reactions, from Le Chatelier’s principle to the concept of dynamic equilibrium.
Carbonyl Compounds & their derivatives:Navigate through the diverse world of organic chemistry, focusing on the versatile chemistry of carbonyl compounds and their myriad derivatives.
Coordination chemistry:Unlock the secrets of transition metal complexes, exploring their structures, bonding, and diverse applications in catalysis and material science.
Chemical bonding and Qualitative analysis: Dive into the realm of chemical bonding, understanding the forces that hold molecules together and shape their properties. Master the art of qualitative analysis, a powerful tool for identifying the presence of various ions and functional groups in chemical compounds.

As candidates embark on this exhilarating journey towards JEE Main 2024, let us remember that success is not merely a destination but a culmination of dedication, perseverance, and strategic planning. By mastering the essential chapters across Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry, candidates can unlock the doors to a future filled with endless possibilities in the realm of engineering and technology.

JEE Main 2024 Exam Pattern: Total Number of Questions and Question Paper Design

Paper-1 (BTech)

SubjectsSection-ASection-BQuestion Paper Design
Mathematics2010– Each subject will have two sections, A and B.
Physics2010– Section A: Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs).
Chemistry2010– Section B: Numerical Value Questions.
Total90– Section B: No negative marking.

Paper-2A (BArch)

SubjectsSection-ASection-BQuestion Paper Design
Mathematics – Part I2010– Part-1: Section A (MCQs), Section B (Numerical Value).
Aptitude Test – Part II50– Section B: No negative marking.
Drawing Test – Part III02

Paper-2B (B.Plan)

SubjectsSection-ASection-BQuestion Paper Design
Mathematics – Part I2010– Part-1: Section A (MCQs), Section B (Numerical Value).
Aptitude Test – Part II50– Section B: No negative marking.
Planning-Based Questions – Part III25

Benefits of the New Exam Pattern of JEE

The revamped exam pattern of the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) brings forth several advantages, enhancing the overall experience for candidates and promoting fairness and inclusivity. Here are some of the key benefits:

  • Accessibility: By offering the exam in multiple languages, the new pattern ensures accessibility for candidates from diverse linguistic backgrounds. This inclusivity enables students to comprehend questions more effectively, reducing language barriers and facilitating better performance.
  • Fairness: The provision of regional languages in addition to Hindi and English promotes fairness in the examination process. Candidates can now attempt the exam in a language they are most comfortable with, thus leveling the playing field and ensuring equal opportunities for all aspirants.
  • Reduced Stress: With the option to choose their preferred language, candidates experience reduced stress and anxiety during the examination. Being able to understand questions more comprehensively in their native or preferred language enhances confidence and aids in better concentration.
  • Improved Performance: The new exam pattern empowers candidates to perform to the best of their abilities by eliminating language-related barriers. This, in turn, may lead to improved overall performance and better results for aspirants across the country.
  • Enhanced Representation: Offering the exam in multiple languages enhances representation from various regions and states across India. It fosters a more diverse candidate pool, reflecting the rich linguistic and cultural diversity of the nation.
  • Streamlined Process: Despite offering the exam in multiple languages, the process remains streamlined and standardized. The English version is considered final for ensuring uniformity and accuracy in question formulation, thereby maintaining the integrity of the examination.
  • Adaptability: The new exam pattern demonstrates adaptability and responsiveness to the evolving needs of students and the educational landscape. It reflects a commitment to innovation and continuous improvement in the examination system.

Overall, the new exam pattern of JEE brings about positive changes that prioritize accessibility, fairness, and inclusivity. It aligns with the broader objectives of promoting educational equity and excellence, ultimately benefiting aspiring engineers across the nation.

Important Topics in JEE Main 2024

Candidates can check here for details about important chapters in JEE Main which should be prepared for the exam. The JEE Main important chapters have been compiled based on the previous year’s weightage of topics in the JEE Main exam.

Inverse Trigonometric FunctionsCurrent Electricity & Heat TransferPhysical Chemistry: Mole concept & the concept of equivalents
Circles and Family of CirclesDimensional AnalysisRedox reactions
Sequence and SeriesGravitation & Electro-statisticsElectrochemistry
ProbabilityGeometrical OpticsThermodynamics
VectorsWaves & SoundsChemical Equilibrium
Quadratic equations and expressions, Complex numbersThermodynamicsCarbonyl Compounds & their derivatives
MatricesKinetic Theory of Gases and Rotational DynamicsInorganic Chemistry: Coordination chemistry
ParabolaElectromagnetic InductionInorganic Chemistry: Chemical bonding and Qualitative analysis

JEE Main Paper Medium

Here’s a breakdown of the languages available for the JEE Main paper, along with their respective examination centers:

S. No.LanguageExamination Centers
1EnglishAll Examination Centres
2HindiAll Examination Centres in India
3English and AssameseExamination Centres in Assam
4English and BengaliExamination Centres in West Bengal, Tripura, and Andaman & Nicobar Islands
5English and GujaratiExamination Centres in Gujarat, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
6English and KannadaExamination Centres in Karnataka
7English and MarathiExamination Centres in Maharashtra
8English and MalayalamExamination Centres in Kerala and Lakshadweep
9English and OdiaExamination Centres in Odisha
10English and PunjabiExamination Centres in Punjab, Chandigarh, and Delhi
11English and TamilExamination Centres in Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, and Andaman & Nicobar Islands
12English and TeluguExamination Centres in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
13English and UrduAll Examination Centres in India

Candidates must choose their preferred language for the question paper while filling out the application form online. It’s important to note that this choice cannot be changed at a later stage. Additionally, for the correctness of the questions in all the JEE Main question papers, the English version will be considered final.

This language provision aims to accommodate candidates from diverse linguistic backgrounds, ensuring fair access to the examination.

JEE Main 2024 Paper Structure

Paper 1 (B.Tech/BE)Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics
Paper 2A (B.Arch)Mathematics, General Aptitude, and Drawing Skills
Paper 2B (B.Plan)Mathematics, Aptitude Test, Planning Based Questions

This breakdown reflects the division of subjects for the respective papers in JEE Main 2024, catering to different undergraduate programs.


Q1. What will be the exam pattern for JEE Main 2024?

Ans: The exam pattern for JEE Main 2024 will include multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and numerical value-based questions. The number of questions and marking scheme may vary for each paper (B.Tech/BE, B.Arch, B.Plan).

Q2. How can I apply for JEE Main 2024?

Ans: Candidates can apply for JEE Main 2024 online through the official website of the exam conducting body (NTA). The application process typically involves registration, filling out the application form, uploading documents, and payment of application fees.

Q3. What are the eligibility criteria for JEE Main 2024?

Ans: Candidates must have completed or be appearing in their 10+2 (or equivalent) examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects to be eligible for JEE Main 2024. There are also age and attempt limit criteria, which can vary.

Q4. Will there be any changes in the syllabus for JEE Main 2024?

Ans: Any changes in the syllabus for JEE Main 2024 will be announced by the exam conducting authority (NTA) in advance. Candidates are advised to regularly check the official website for updates regarding the syllabus.

Q5. Is there any age limit for appearing in JEE Main 2024?

Ans: There is typically no age limit for candidates appearing in JEE Main. However, candidates must have passed their 10+2 examination or equivalent in the year of appearing for the exam or the previous year.

Q6. How can I prepare effectively for JEE Main 2024?

Ans: Effective preparation for JEE Main 2024 involves thorough understanding of concepts, regular practice, solving previous years’ question papers, and taking mock tests. It’s also important to maintain a proper study schedule and stay focused and disciplined throughout the preparation period.

Q7. Will there be any COVID-19 safety protocols in place for JEE Main 2024?

Ans: Depending on the prevailing situation, the exam conducting authority (NTA) is likely to implement COVID-19 safety protocols for JEE Main 2024, such as mandatory mask-wearing, social distancing measures, and sanitization protocols.

Q8. How will the JEE Main 2024 score be used for admission?

Ans: The JEE Main 2024 score will be used by various participating institutions for admission to their undergraduate engineering programs. Additionally, the top candidates based on their JEE Main score will be eligible to appear for the JEE Advanced exam for admission to IITs.

Q9. Where can I find more information about JEE Main 2024?

Ans: Candidates can find more information about JEE Main 2024, including exam dates, syllabus, exam pattern, and registration details, on the official website of the exam conducting body (NTA) or through official notifications and announcements.

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